Antique The Mitchell Map
The Mitchell Map commonly refers to the map of the French and English Colonies in North America made by John Mitchell (1711-1768) and its reproductions. Although John Mitchell was not a professional cartographer, the antique Mitchell Map is the most comprehensive map of eastern North America from that era. Urged by George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax and president of the Board of Trade, to produce a map to layout the Anglo-French territorial situation in North America, Mitchell compiled the first edition in 1750 from contemporary surveys and maps provided by British colonial governors. Interestingly, these colonial maps were also utilized by Guillaume Delisle to produce his own maps of North America, in which the English colonies were compressed to illustrate the vastness of the French Territories.The Mitchell Map (1755), containing various notes and text describing native tribes and natural resources of particular regions, was engraved by Thomas Kitchin and printed in 8 sheets. The second edition, with corrections and a list of sources, was published in 1756. The antique Mitchell Map became the primary map source during the Treaty of Paris (1783), which marked the end of the American Revolutionary War, and it was used to establish the Northern boundaries of the new nation. The Mitchell Map also played a role in defining the US-Canadian border at the Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842).
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